Training a brand new puppy is always an important task. Puppies get into everything and as such it is a much needed thing for them to learn what they can and cannot do. A trained puppy is also much easier to take out and about without the worry that it might run away and never come back. Here are a few of the top commands that will make both you and your puppy’s life that little bit easier.
Probably the first command that any dog owner gives their pup is the sit command. Puppies are, by their very nature, highly fidgety. Getting them to sit and pay attention to you is the most necessary step. For any pup regardless of breed, treats are always the way to go. Start gently by holding the treat clearly in your hand. The puppy will see it and probably come over to you instantly. Hold the treat above their head so that the puppy has to look up. By default they will sit down as this is easier. Loudly say the word sit and instantly give the treat as the puppy sits. Repeating this step will continue to reinforce the command until very soon the puppy will be sitting.
Another important command for out and about. Hold the treat obviously right by your leg. Call the puppy. Sometimes a dog may be distracted so attract its attention by patting firmly on your thighs whilst calling come. The dog must reach to your leg to get the treat rather than stopping in front of you.
A similar method to sit, down involves holding the treat in front of the dogs nose and moving your hand towards the floor. As you move towards the floor, the dog will automatically follow the treat thus sliding into a lying position.
This can only be performed once the puppy has learnt sit correctly. Get the dog to sit and then walk away backwards whilst repeating stay. If the dog inches forward or takes a step, reset the dog in the original position. Start slowly, only taking a few steps before going back to reward the dog. As the dog gets used to the process, the distance can be increased.
A final command, leave it. This is important particularly if you wish the dog to drop an unwanted item such as food. This has to be done slowly and carefully as some dogs can get possessive. Having a treat that is preferable to what they have found is important. Usually this will take place on a walk so the leave it command can be reinforced by gentle pulling pressure on the lead away from the object. Effusive rewards are necessary to make the reward experience more exciting than what the dog has found for themselves.